Cognitive Radio (CR) is a novel technology that permits secondary users (SUs) to transmit alongside primary users (PUs). PUs retain transparent communications whereas SUs perform spectrum sensing and adaptive transmission to avoid collisions. Ultra-wideband sensing is of primary importance for SU to sense and access opportunistically several bands at a time. Reliable detection in wide geographical regions needs collaborative sensing. Optimal collaborative multiband sensing is not analytically solvable unless some approximations and solution domain restrictions are applied for convexity exploitation. In this paper, we demonstrate that convex constraints are deleterious. We propose an alternative optimization technique based on genetic algorithms. Genetic programming performs a direct search of the optimal solution without approximations and solution domain restrictions. As a consequence, collaborative multiband sensing can be consistently optimized without limitations. Additionally the genetic optimization exploits the correlation of time-varying channels for fast adaptive convergence. © 2010 M. Sanna and M. Murroni.
Sanna, M., & Murroni, M. (2010). Nonconvex optimization of collaborative multiband spectrum sensing for cognitive radios with genetic algorithms. International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/531857