A non-hypoxic, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive pathway mediating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-dependent regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-α) was investigated in vitro. TNF-α mediated the translocation of HIF-1α, associated with up-regulating its activity under normoxia. Analysis of the mode of action of TNF-α revealed the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (O2-•) and hydroxyl radical (•OH). Antioxidants purported as prototypical scavengers of H2O2 and •OH, attenuated TNF-α-induced HIF-1α activation, and blockading NADPH-oxidase by scavenging O2-• reduced the activity of HIF-1α. Inhibition of the mitochondrion complex I abrogated TNF-α-dependent activation of HIF-1α. Interrupting the respiratory chain reversed the excitatory effect of TNF-α on HIF-1α. These results indicate a non-hypoxic pathway mediating cytokine-dependent regulation of HIF-1α in a ROS-sensitive mechanism. © 2001 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Haddad, J. J., & Land, S. C. (2001). A non-hypoxic, ROS-sensitive pathway mediates TNF-α-dependent regulation of HIF-1α. FEBS Letters, 505(2), 269–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(01)02833-2