We describe an imaging approach based on an optical setup made up of a miniature, lensless, minimally invasive endoscope scanning a sample and matching post processing techniques that enables enhanced imaging capabilities. The main scopes of this article are that this approach enables imaging beyond highly scattering medium and increases the resolution and signal to noise levels reaching single cell imaging. Our approach has more advantages over ordinary endoscope setups and other imaging techniques. It is not mechanically limited by a lens, the fiber can acquire images over long time periods (unlike current imaging methods such as OCT etc.), and the imaging can be obtained at a certain working distance above the surface, without interference to the imaged object. Fast overlapping scans enlarge the region of interest, enhance signal to noise levels and can also accommodate post-processing super-resolution algorithms. Here we present that due to the setup properties, the overlapping scans also lead to dramatic enhancement of non-scattered signal to scattered noise. This enables imaging through highly scattering medium. We discuss results obtained from in-vitro investigation of weak signals of ARPE cells, rat retina, and scattered signals from Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) micro channels filled with hemoglobin and covered by intralipids mimicking consequently blood capillaries and the epidermis of human skin.The development of minimally invasive procedures and methodologies for imaging through scattering medium such as tissues can vastly enhance biomedical diagnostic capabilities for imaging internal organs. We thereby propose that our method may be used for such tasks in vivo.
Wagner, O., Pandya, A., Chemla, Y., Pinhas, H., Schelkanova, I., Shahmoon, A., … Zalevsky, Z. (2017). Non-labeled lensless micro-endoscopic approach for cellular imaging through highly scattering media. Bioscience Reports, 38(1), BSR20170027. https://doi.org/10.1042/bsr20170027