Normalization of multiple hemostatic abnormalities in uremic type 1 diabetic patients after kidney-pancreas transplantation

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Abstract

To evaluate the effects of kidney-pancreas transplantation on hemostatic abnormalities in uremic type 1 diabetic patients, we conducted a cross-sectional study involving 12 type 1 diabetic patients, 30 uremic type 1 diabetic patients, 27 uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant, 12 uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-alone transplant, and 13 healthy control subjects. We evaluated platelet and clotting system. Platelets in the group of uremic type 1 diabetic patients were significantly larger than platelets in the other groups. Resting calcium levels were significantly higher in the uremic type 1 diabetic patients and uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-alone transplant than in the type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant and control subjects. CD41 expression was significantly reduced in platelets from the uremic type 1 diabetic patients compared with the other groups. Levels of hypercoagulability markers in the type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant and, to a lesser extent, the uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-alone transplant but not the uremic type 1 diabetic patients were similar to those of the control subjects. A reduction in natural anticoagulants was evident in the uremic type 1 diabetic patients, whereas near-normal values were observed in the type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant and uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-alone transplant. Hemostatic abnormalities were not observed in type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant. This finding might explain the lower cardiovascular death rate observed in type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-pancreas transplant compared with uremic type 1 diabetic patients who had a kidney-alone transplant or uremic type 1 diabetic patients.

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Fiorina, P., Folli, F., D’Angelo, A., Finzi, G., Pellegatta, F., Guzzi, V., … Secchi, A. (2004). Normalization of multiple hemostatic abnormalities in uremic type 1 diabetic patients after kidney-pancreas transplantation. Diabetes, 53(9), 2291–2300. https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.53.9.2291

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