There have been extensive efforts to improve the outcome of glioblastoma, but the prognosis of this disease has not been significantly altered to date. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) have been evaluated as promising anti-cancer drugs and regulate cell growth, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in glioblastoma. Here, we demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of a novel pan-HDACI, 7-ureido-N-hydroxyheptanamide derivative (CKD5), compared with traditional pan-HDACIs, such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA), in vitro and in vivo. Compared with SAHA and TSA, CKD5 had improved cytotoxic effects and induced apoptosis, anti-proliferative activity and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Furthermore, CKD5 significantly reduced tumor volume and prolonged the survival in vivo compared with TSA, suggesting improved anti-cancer efficacy among HDACIs. Our results demonstrate that the novel HDACI CKD5 is a promising therapeutic candidate for glioblastoma.
Choi, S. A., Kwak, P. A., Park, C.-K., Wang, K.-C., Phi, J. H., Lee, J. Y., … Kim, S.-K. (2016). A novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, CKD5, has potent anti-cancer effects in glioblastoma. Oncotarget, 8(6). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.13265