A novel hybrid coating process, combining NanoSpray® (built on electrostatic spray coating) technology with microwave sintering process, was developed for synthesizing hydroxyapatite- (HA-) based nanostructured coating with favorable properties for dental and orthopedic implants. Specifically, HA nanoparticles were deposited on commercially pure titanium substrates using NanoSpray technique to produce the HA coating, which was then sintered in a microwave furnace under controlled conditions. The study showed that the use of NanoSpray followed by microwave sintering results in nanoscale HA coating for dental/orthopedic application. © 2009 TMS.
Liu, H., Jiang, W., & Malshe, A. (2009). Novel nanostructured hydroxyapatite coating for dental and orthopedic implants. JOM, 61(9), 67–69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-009-0137-0