© 2016 Yang et al. Background: Previous studies have reported that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is often added to culture media to induce oocyte meiotic resumption and maturation and to improve subsequent embryonic development during in vitro maturation (IVM). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from ovaries 46-48 h after the female mice were intraperitoneally injected with 8 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and then the COCs were cultured in different medium. qRT-PCR analysis was used to assess mRNA expression of EGF-like factors and natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPR2). Western Blot analysis was used to assess phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase 3/1 (MAPK3/1). The oocytes were morphologically assessed for meiotic resumption. Results: FSH stimulated the expression of EGF-like factors, the activation of MAPK3/1, a decrease in NPR2 mRNA and oocyte meiotic resumption. Moreover, the FSH-induced decrease in NPR2 and oocyte meiotic resumption occurred via the MAPK3/1 singling pathway, which was activated by the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. Conclusions: NPR2 is involved in FSH-mediated oocyte meiotic resumption, and this process is associated with the EGFR and MAPK3/1 signaling pathways.
Yang, L., Wei, Q., Li, W., Xi, Q., Zhao, X., & Ma, B. (2016). NPR2 is involved in FSH-mediated mouse oocyte meiotic resumption. Journal of Ovarian Research, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13048-016-0218-y