Chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) assembles nucleosomes in a replication-dependent manner. The small subunit of CAF-1 (p48) is a member of a highly conserved subfamily of WD-repeat proteins. There are at least two members of this subfamily in both human (p46 and p48) and yeast cells (Hat2p, a subunit of the B-type H4 acetyltransferase, and Msi1p). Human p48 can bind to histone H4 in the absence of CAF-1 p150 and p60. p48, also a known subunit of a histone deacetylase, copurifies with a chromatin assembly complex (CAC), which contains the three subunits of CAF-1 (p150, p6O, p48) and H3 and H4, and promotes DNA replication-dependent chromatin assembly. CAC histone H4 exhibits a novel pattern of lysine acetylation that overlaps with, but is distinct from, that reported for newly synthesized H4 isolated from nascent chromatin. Our data suggest that CAC is a key intermediate of the de novo nucleosome assembly pathway and that the p48 subunit participates in other aspects of histone metabolism.
Verreault, A., Kaufman, P. D., Kobayashi, R., & Stillman, B. (1996). Nucleosome assembly by a complex of CAF-1 and acetylated histones H3/H4. Cell, 87(1), 95–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81326-4