Background: The significance of lymph node involvement regarding the prognosis of primary duodenal adenocarcinoma remains controversial. This study aims to evaluate the prognostic accuracy of nodal metastasis using the seventh edition American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system in patients with primary duodenal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Between 1993 and 2010, 36 patients who had undergone surgical resection for primary duodenal adenocarcinoma at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The median disease-free survival for all patients was 19 months and the median overall survival was 21 months. Lymph node metastases were found in 26 (72%) of the patients, and 14 patients (39%) patients had in excess of three positive lymph nodes (N2). Patients with N2 disease had significantly reduced overall survival, as compared to patients with three or fewer positive lymph nodes (N1; p = 0.036). In univariate analysis, factors including age >75 years, body weight loss, tumor size ≤4 cm, N2 disease and lymph node ratio >0.4 predicted shorter overall survival. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that N2 and lymph node ratio >0.4 are significant risk factors associated with overall survival (p = 0.026 and p = 0.042 respectively). N2 is also the only independent predictive factor for disease-free survival (p = 0.023). Conclusion: Subdivision of metastatic lymph nodes into N1 and N2 improves predictive ability. The seventh edition American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system is applicable in the present study with regard to the prediction of the prognosis for primary duodenal adenocarcinoma. © 2012.
Liang, T. J., Wang, B. W., Liu, S. I., Chou, N. H., Tsai, C. C., Chen, I. S., … Mok, K. T. (2012). Number of involved lymph nodes is important in the prediction of prognosis for primary duodenal adenocarcinoma. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 75(11), 573–580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcma.2012.08.002