During selective laser melting processes parts will heat up with each layer depending on the geometry and surrounding powder material. This leads to process boundary conditions that are not certainly defined and can induce unstable melt pool sizes. These will have an influence on surface roughness and dimensional accuracy. One way to deal with this is an individual adaptation of process parameters, but without knowing the exact thermal boundary conditions in each layer one will not be able to adapt the parameters properly. In this paper a model for prediction of the macroscopic temperature history is presented and experimentally calibrated. A sample with characteristic features like overhanging's was designed. These samples were produced by selective laser melting and simultaneously monitored by an infrared camera to calibrate the boundary conditions of a numerical model. This lays the foundation for part individual adaption of process parameters to improve the quality of SLM parts.
Illies, O., Li, G., Jürgens, J. P., Ploshikhin, V., Herzog, D., & Emmelmann, C. (2018). Numerical modelling and experimental validation of thermal history of titanium alloys in laser beam melting. In Procedia CIRP (Vol. 74, pp. 92–96). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2018.08.046