© 2017 Tanveer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Main theme of present investigation is to model and analyze the peristaltic activity of Carraeu- Yasuda nanofluid saturating porous space in a curved channel. Unlike the traditional approach, the porous medium effects are characterized by employing modified Darcy's law for Carreau-Yasuda fluid. To our knowledge this is first attempt in this direction for Carreau- Yasuda fluid. Heat and mass transfer are further considered. Simultaneous effects of heat and mass transfer are examined in presence of mixed convection, viscous dissipation and thermal radiation. The compliant characteristics for channel walls are taken into account. The resulting complex mathematical system has been discussed for small Reynolds number and large wavelength concepts. Numerical approximation to solutions are thus plotted in graphs and the physical description is presented. It is concluded that larger porosity in a medium cause an enhancement in fluid velocity and reduction in concentration.
Tanveer, A., Hayat, T., Alsaedi, A., & Ahmad, B. (2017). Numerical simulation for peristalsis of Carreau-Yasuda nanofluid in curved channel with mixed convection and porous space. PLoS ONE, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170029