Obstetric scar endometriosis: Retrospective study on 19 cases and review of the literature

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Abstract

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. This disease is one of the most common gynecologic disorders in reproductive age women. It generally occurs in pelvic cavity. But extrapelvic location has been defined (such as extremities, central nervous system, lungs, pleurae, liver, umbilicus, pericardium, urinary tract, intestines, and surgical scar tissue). Scar endometriosis is a rare disease and defined as presence of endometriotic lesions on the abdominal (such as cesarean section and hysterectomy) or vaginal (episiotomy) excision line. It is difficult to diagnose due to the extreme variability in presentation. The symptoms are nonspecific, typically involving pain, swelling at the incision site at the time of menstruation. Excision and histopathologic examination are necessary for diagnosis. We present a case series of obstetric scar endometriosis and review of the literature.

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Kaplanoglu, M., Kaplanoglu, D. K., Ata, C. D., & Buyukkurt, S. (2014). Obstetric scar endometriosis: Retrospective study on 19 cases and review of the literature. ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/417042

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