Occupational and Environmental Health Hazards (Physical & Mental) Among Rag-Pickers in Mumbai Slums: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Natha Mote B
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See, stats, and : https : / / www. researchgate. net / publication / 291975114 Occupational Hazards (Physical) Among - Pickers : A - Sectional Study Article DOI : 10 . 11648 / j . sjph . 20160401 . 11 CITATIONS 0 READS 180 11 , including : Balu Foundation 15 SEE Suhas State 14 SEE Ambadas Reliance 8 SEE Thirumugam GD 8 SEE All - text , letting . Available : Balu Retrieved : 17 Abstract : Rag pickers are informal workers who collect recyclable materials to earn a small wage on daily basis . Their life and working conditions are extremely difficult . This paper examined the health status , occupational and environmental health hazards among rag - pickers working in dumping ground of Shivaji - Nagar and Govandi Slums of Mumbai , India . The cross - sectional study gathered data by interviewing 120 rag pickers during the Masters in Public Health course curriculum at Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in the year 2012 - 13 . The Occupational and environmental health (Physical & Mental) hazards were assessed using a standard self - reporting questionnaire . Convenient sampling was used to select the rag pickers from the slums of Mumbai . The study shows , rag - pickers suffer from physical as well as mental ill health . The reason for engaged in such kind of work is due to not having other skills and easy or daily income . Most of them are having habits such as tobacco - chewing and consumption . Dog bite and rat bite are common among Rag - pickers . Redness of eyes , headache , backache , accidental injuries are very common among Rag - pickers . Substance abuse itself is one of the mental disorders present among Rag - pickers . Majority of them are associated with mild depression and mild anxiety as common mental disorders . Rag pickers more frequently report physical and mental health problems . Improving the work lives of these precarious workers should address not only the physical hazards of their jobs but their mental and emotional health as well . Unfulfilled health needs of this underprivileged workforce who contributes to the ecology and economy of the city need to be addressed . Sensitization of both general public and government workforce is essential to legitimize this occupation . This in turn may help to alleviate poverty and environmental degradation which is occurring due to rapid and unplanned urbanization in India .




Natha Mote, B. (2016). Occupational and Environmental Health Hazards (Physical & Mental) Among Rag-Pickers in Mumbai Slums: A Cross-Sectional Study. Science Journal of Public Health, 4(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20160401.11

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