Occupational Health

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Abstract

In this article a brief historical background of the development of social and psychological working conditions is followed by a description of the presently most widely utilized theoretical models for studying the psychosocial work environment in research and practice, the 'person-environment (PE) fit,' 'demand-control-support,' 'organizational justice' and 'effort-reward' models. Possibilities and difficulties in assessment are discussed. It is pointed out that both 'objective' and 'subjective' aspects are important and that these are not always strongly correlated. Physiological models linking the psychosocial models to health and disease are discussed and finally experiences of interventions are discussed. The main conclusion is that it is possible to define and assess psychosocial factors at work, that such factors are linked to physiological mechanisms, and that interventions based upon them are possible.

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Theorell, T. (2015). Occupational Health. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 133–140). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.14037-1

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