Ocular manifestations in severe pre-eclampsia or eclampsia in Souro Sanou University Hospital in Bobo Dioulasso

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Abstract

Severe preeclampsia is a public health problem. Eye involvement is one of its many complications. The aim of our study was to describe the eye disease in patients with preeclampsia and / or eclampsia to help them better support. He acted in a descriptive cross-sectional study with prospective collection from 1 st November 2013 to 31 July 2014, in patients who have suffered severe pre-eclampsia / eclampsia. We included 127 patients in our study. The average age of the patients in our study was 26.37 years (SD = 6.8 years), with extremes of 15 and 40. The most represented age groups were those 26 to 30 years with 29.1% and that of 15 to 20 years, with 25.2%. The diagnosis of severe preeclampsia was chosen in 69.3% of cases. Primigravidae represented 40.9% of the population. Visual disturbances type phosphenes were observed in 33.1% of patients. We noted a granular current conjunctival 41.7%, lesions of the posterior segment in 32.3% of patients. These results were discussed in relation to literature, and we notice more cases of retinal disease. We found no statistically significant association between blood pressure at admission and stage of hypertensive retinopathy. Ocular complications of severe preeclampsia are very common and often ignored. Retinal disorders are frequent but good prognosis.

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APA

Diallo, J. W., Méda, N., Ahnoux-Zabsonré, A., Ouattara, S., Yanogo, A., Tougouma, S. J. B., … Dolo, M. (2015). Ocular manifestations in severe pre-eclampsia or eclampsia in Souro Sanou University Hospital in Bobo Dioulasso. The Pan African Medical Journal, 21, 49. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2015.21.49.6746

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