One year prevalence of critically ill burn wound bacterial infections in surgical ICU in Egypt: Retrospective study

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Abstract

Introduction Burns are one of the most common and devastating forms of trauma. Patients with serious thermal injury require immediate specialized care in order to minimize morbidity and mortality. (1) The main purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of bacterial wound infection in critically ill burn patients in surgical intensive care unit in Egypt. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the bacterial isolates in sever burn wound infection, suitability to antibiotics and there are mortalities. Methods We conducted a one year retrospective study in the surgical ICU. Wound swab Culture and sensitivity reports of admitted patients. All the patients of all age groups suffering with flame burnt and both sexes having complete Culture and sensitivity reports were included. Results The main finding of the current study described herein was the percent of isolates from burn wound (60%). The most common organism was pseudomonas (49%). Multidrug resistant gram negative organisms represent about 60% of the isolates. Pattern of antibiotic sensitivity was 84% for colistin, 39% for amikacin and 35% for imipenem. The mortalities in our study were 80%.

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Mohamed, H. (2016). One year prevalence of critically ill burn wound bacterial infections in surgical ICU in Egypt: Retrospective study. Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia, 32(3), 431–434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egja.2016.01.005

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