Optimal chest compression technique for paediatric cardiac arrest victims

6Citations
Citations of this article
23Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

© Kim et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Background: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of chest compressions performed by inexperienced rescuers using three different techniques: two-hand, right one-hand, and left one-hand. Methods: We performed a prospective, randomised, crossover study in a simulated 6-year-old paediatric manikin model. Each participant performed 2-minute continuous chest compressions, using three different techniques. Chest compression quality data, including compression rate, compression depth, and residual leaning was recorded by a Q-CPR™ compression sensor connected to HeartStart MRx (Philips Healthcare, Andover, MA, USA). To examine trends in chest compression performance over time, each 2-minute period was divided into six consecutive 20-second epochs. Results: The 36 participants completed 108 two-minute trials, consisting of a total of 25,030 compressions. The mean compression rates [95% confidence interval] were as follows: two-hand, 116.8 [111.7-121.9] ; left one-hand, 115.0 [109.9-120.1]; and right one-hand, 115.5 [110.4-120.6] (p = 0.565). The mean compression depth for two-hand was 38.7 mm (37.1-40.2), which was higher than for left one-hand (36.3 mm [34.8-37.9]) or right one-hand (35.4 mm [33.9-37.0] ) (p < 0.001). Chest compression depth declined over time, regardless of the technique (p < 0.001). The pattern of compression depth change over time was similar for all techniques (p > 0.999). The residual leaning rate was higher with two-hand (40.7 [27.9-53.5]) than that for left one-hand (29.2 [16.4-42.0] ) or right one-hand (25.8 [13.0-38.6]) (p = 0.021). Conclusions: For paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation by inexperienced rescuers, the two-hand technique has the advantage of producing deeper compressions than the one-hand technique, but it is accompanied by more frequent residual leaning. For the one-hand techniques, the right and left hand produced chest compressions of similar quality.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Kim, M. J., Lee, H. S., Kim, S., & Park, Y. S. (2015). Optimal chest compression technique for paediatric cardiac arrest victims. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-015-0118-y

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free