In this study, a novel sizing model for the solar photovoltaic system with pumped storage is proposed, to optimize the capacity of the PV generator and pumped storage system for power supply in remote areas. The genetic algorithm is then employed to optimize sizing system with respect to the system total cost. The variables considered in the optimization process include PV module number, upper reservoir size and water pump size. With the developed model, a technically and economically feasible power supply solution can be achieved easily. The proposed model is finally applied to a case study on renewable energy power generation system for an island, and the optimization performance has been demonstrated.
Ma, T., Yang, H., Lu, L., & Peng, J. (2014). An optimization sizing model for solar photovoltaic power generation system with pumped storage. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 61, pp. 5–8). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.892