Optimizing antibiotic therapy of bacteremia and endocarditis due to staphylococci and enterococci: New insights and evidence from the literature

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Abstract

Gram-positive cocci are a well-recognised major cause of nosocomial infection worldwide. Bloodstream infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci, and multi-drug resistant enterococci are a cause of concern for physicians due to their related morbidity and mortality rates. Aim of this article is to review the current state of knowledge regarding the management of BSI caused by staphylococci and enterococci, including infective endocarditis, and to identify those factors that may help physicians to manage these infections appropriately. Moreover, we discuss the importance of an appropriate use of antimicrobial drugs, taking in consideration the invitro activity, clinical efficacy data, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters, and potential side effects.

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Falcone, M., Russo, A., & Venditti, M. (2015). Optimizing antibiotic therapy of bacteremia and endocarditis due to staphylococci and enterococci: New insights and evidence from the literature. Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2015.02.012

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