The aim of this study was to investigate oral and hand hygiene behaviour<br />and risk factors among 13 to 15 year-old in-school adolescents in four<br />Southeast Asian countries. Data were collected by self-reported<br />questionnaire from nationally representative samples (total 13,824) of<br />school children aged 13 to 15 years in India, Indonesia, Myanmar and<br />Thailand. Results indicate that overall, 22.4% of school children<br />reported sub-optimal oral hygiene (<twice a day tooth brushing), 45.2%<br />did not always wash their hands before meals, 26.5% after toileting and<br />59.8% washing their hands with soap (59.8%). In multivariate analysis,<br />male gender, health risk behaviours and lack of protective factors were<br />associated with sub-optimal tooth brushing, and lower socioeconomic<br />status, health risk behaviours, psychological distress and lack of<br />protective factors were found to be associated with sub-optimal hand<br />washing hygiene behaviour. As a conclusion, the cross-national data on<br />oral and hand hygiene behaviour from four Southeast Asian countries<br />found sub-optimal hygiene behaviour. Several determinants of sub-optimal<br />hygiene behaviour were identified that can inform programmes in order to<br />improve oral and hand hygiene behaviour of this adolescent population.
Peltzer, K., & Pengpid, S. (2014). Oral and hand hygiene behaviour and risk factors among in-school adolescents in four Southeast Asian countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(3), 2780–2792. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110302780