Few data exist on direct current cardioversion (DCCV) in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). This is a retrospective case-control study of 279 adults with CHD and 279 adults without CHD (control group) who had elective DCCV for atrial arrhythmias at Mayo Clinic, 2001 to 2013. Control patients were matched by gender and arrhythmia type. The objective was to compare DCCV procedural failure (failure to terminate the presenting arrhythmia) and arrhythmia recurrence (AR). In the CHD group (mean age 55 ± 20 years; men 166 [59%]), the most common diagnosis was Fontan palliation (61; 22%). Transesophageal echocardiography was performed before DCCV in 216 patients (77%); 162 (58%) had atrial flutter, and 117 (42%) had atrial fibrillation. Procedural failure and AR between the case and the control groups were more common in the CHD group (14% vs 7%, p = 0.01) and (83% vs 66% at 60 months, p = 0.001) respectively. There were no deaths or thromboembolic complications. The multivariable risk factors for procedural failure were Fontan palliation and spontaneous echocardiographic contrast; the risk factors for AR were Fontan palliation and atrial fibrillation. When patients with Fontan palliation were excluded from the analysis, the outcome of DCCV (failure and recurrence rates) was similar for the CHD and non-CHD groups despite the age difference between the cohorts. In conclusion, the present study showed that DCCV outcomes were similar for CHD and non-CHD patients, with the exception of patients with Fontan palliation.
Egbe, A. C., Asirvatham, S. J., Connolly, H. M., Kapa, S., Desimone, C. V., Vaidya, V. R., … Ammash, N. M. (2017). Outcomes of Direct Current Cardioversion in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 119(9), 1468–1472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.01.018