An overview of international literature from cystic fibrosis registries. Part 3. Disease incidence, genotype/phenotype correlation, microbiology, pregnancy, clinical complications, lung transplantation, and miscellanea

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Abstract

This is the third article related to a review of the literature based on data from national cystic fibrosis (CF) patient registries up to June 2008 and covering a total of 115 published studies. It focuses on several topics: CF incidence, genotype/phenotype correlation, microbiology, pregnancy/paternity, clinical complications, lung transplantation, and others. Seventy seven papers meeting the inclusion criteria were found to be related to the topics listed above. Another seven studies, already evaluated in previous papers of this series, were recalled for specific topics. Incidence is described by several studies, results being quite different from one country to another and quite inhomogeneous among regions within the same country. Studies on genetics address the genotype/phenotype correlation and look for a predictive value of CFTR mutations in terms of clinical outcome, with controversial results. Papers on microbiology describe the clinical relevance of different pathogens and their role in the progress of CF lung disease. A few articles give information on the features of CF women undergoing a pregnancy and try to identify the ones associated with a better outcome. Studies on clinical complications discuss prevalence and the role of haemoptysis, pneumothorax, CF related diabetes, ABPA and cancer. Papers on lung transplantation focus on models able to improve the selection criteria for transplantation candidates and the factors linked to post transplantation survival. Finally, several studies deal with a number of interesting topics related to CF epidemiology: clinical trial methodology, quality of care comparison among countries and centers, relationship between diagnosis and age/gender, and evaluation of pharmacological therapy. On the whole, CF Registries have already contributed to important advances in the knowledge of the natural history of CF, establishing the foundations for future improvement in CF research and care. © 2010 European Cystic Fibrosis Society.

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Salvatore, D., Buzzetti, R., Baldo, E., Forneris, M. P., Lucidi, V., Manunza, D., … Mastella, G. (2011). An overview of international literature from cystic fibrosis registries. Part 3. Disease incidence, genotype/phenotype correlation, microbiology, pregnancy, clinical complications, lung transplantation, and miscellanea. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2010.12.005

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