From Paper Manual to AR Manual: Do We Still Need Text?

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In this work, we proposed a method to reduce text in technical documentation, aiming at Augmented Reality manuals, where text must be reduced as much as possible. In fact, most of technical information is conveyed through other means such as CAD models, graphic signs, images, etc. The method classifies technical instructions into two categories: instructions that can be presented with graphic symbols and instructions that should be presented with text. It is based on the analysis of the action verbs used in the instruction, and makes use of ASD Simplified Technical English (STE) for remaining text instructions and let them easier to translate into other languages.




Gattullo, M., Uva, A. E., Fiorentino, M., Scurati, G. W., & Ferrise, F. (2017). From Paper Manual to AR Manual: Do We Still Need Text? Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 1303–1310.

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