We performed a retrospective cohort study of hospitalised cryptococcal meningitis (CM) patients at a single centre to evaluate the clinical epidemiological features of paradoxical cryptococcal-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (CM-IRIS) in a setting in China. A total of 154 AIDS patients with CM were involved, and 17.5% experienced IRIS at a median of 27 days after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Overall, 3 deaths were directly attributed to IRIS. The occurrences of CM-IRIS were independently associated with the pre-ART CD4+ count, pre-C-reactive protein level, and the timing of ART initiation.
Yan, S., Chen, L., Wu, W., Li, Z., Fu, Z., Zhang, H., … Fu, C. (2015). Paradoxical immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome associated with cryptococcal meningitis in China: A 5-year retrospective cohort study. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 21(4), 379.e11-379.e14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2014.11.011