Paraseptal accessory connections in the proximity of the atrioventricular node and the His bundle. Additional observations in relation to the ablation technique in a high risk area

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Abstract

Introduction. Paraseptal pathways, namely, accessory connections (AC) in the vicinity of the atrioventricular node (AVN) and the bundle of His, are associated with a high risk of complete atrioventricular block (AVB) during transcatheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the Electrophysiology Laboratory. In previously reported series of ablation of paraseptal ACs, the coexistence of multiple ACs in this high-risk region has rarely been mentioned. Methods and results. We studied 15 patients undergoing RFA of paraseptal ACs 2 of whom had dual pathways with an additional midseptal pathway revealed after the elimination of the anteroseptal target AC. The fundamental goal of the pre-ablation electrophysiological mapping was the clear-cut determination of anatomical site with His bundle recording activity. This required unique pharmacological and programmed electrical stimulation manipulations in 8 patients in whom His bundle recording activity was only temporarily possible. After identifying the corresponding His bundle site, special attention was given to the ablation catheter being situated at least 3 mm away, thus recording minimal or no His bundle activity. Additional precautions were taken so that the delivered therapy was of minimal duration and powered by temperature regulation with immediate interruption in case of AVB or nodal rhythm appearance. With this therapeutic approach, 16 of the 17 paraseptal ACs were ablated successfully with the inadvertent induction of AVB in only 1 patient. In the patient with persistent ventricular preexcitation after the ablation session, modification of both the AC and the AVN was noted so that the previously easily induced reciprocating atrioventricular tachycardia was no longer so, using programmed stimulation. Conclusion. Transcatheter radiofrequency ablation is a feasible and effective radical therapy for patients with paraseptal ACs, provided the His bundle site has first been clearly defined and the coexistence of other nearby tracts has been excluded. © 2003 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The European Society of Cardiology.

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Gatzoulis, K., Apostolopoulos, T., Costeas, X., Sotiropoulos, H., Papafanis, F., Stefanadis, C., & Toutouzas, P. (2004). Paraseptal accessory connections in the proximity of the atrioventricular node and the His bundle. Additional observations in relation to the ablation technique in a high risk area. Europace, 6(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eupc.2003.10.001

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