Parental post-traumatic stress symptoms as predictors of psychosocial problems in children treated for cancer

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Abstract

© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between psychosocial functioning of children treated for cancer and that of their parents. Factors associated with psychosocial functioning were also examined. The present study was a cross-sectional survey of 33 mothers and one father (mean age: 37.9), each of whom had a child that had been treated for cancer. The participants answered a package of questionnaires consisting of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Parent Experience of Child Illness (PECI), and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Information about the children’s illnesses was collected from medical records. The CBCL total problems T score was correlated with the parental IES-R total scores. Intensity of treatment independently predicted the variance of parental long-term uncertainty. In conclusion, psychosocial problems of children with cancer were associated with parental post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Provision of early, adequate support to parents who are vulnerable to PTSS will help not only the parents, but also their children with cancer.

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Nakajima-Yamaguchi, R., Morita, N., Nakao, T., Shimizu, T., Ogai, Y., Takahashi, H., … Fukushima, T. (2016). Parental post-traumatic stress symptoms as predictors of psychosocial problems in children treated for cancer. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13080812

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