OBJECTIVES: This work aims to explore to what extent Spanish primary care providers involve patients in decisions and describe the development of a suggested tool for assessing patient involvement in these settings.<br /><br />DESIGN: Cross-sectional, development of a measurement tool.<br /><br />SETTING: Primary care clinics.<br /><br />PARTICIPANTS: Family doctors and residents.<br /><br />INTERVENTIONS: Based on a review of the literature and the opinions of primary care doctors, a selection was made of items from a previous scale used to measure general communication skills (CICAA-Patient Centred) and new specific items were added to this to measure involvement.<br /><br />MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The involvement of patients in decision-making was evaluated initially with this tool in 31 different clinical visits and the scale was then reformulated. A pool of 161 interviews was used to complete the process. Some psychometric properties (reliability and internal consistency) were estimated for the different samples and stages of the process.<br /><br />RESULTS: Some degree of patient involvement was found in just 31 visits. Despite this, only in 18 of these (58%) was there some involvement in a discussion about more than one treatment option. The Cohen's kappa values of the CICAA-Decision scale were between 0.48 and 0.94. Cronbach's alpha was 0.60/0.51. The global Intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.96.<br /><br />CONCLUSIONS: The levels of patient involvement were lower than expected. A simple question, such as that defined by one item in particular, and the CICAA-D scale, in general, could be useful to assess patient involvement in decision making in primary care.
Ruiz Moral, R., Peralta Munguia, L., Pérula de Torres, L. Á., Gavilán Moral, E., & Loayssa Lara, J. R. (2010). Patient involvement in decision making in primary care clinics: Development of a measuring tool. Atencion Primaria, 42(5), 257–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aprim.2009.09.020