Protein disulfide isomerase family 6 (PDIA6) belongs to the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, which function as isomerases and molecular chaperones. PDIA6 has recently been shown to promote the proliferation and growth of various types of human cancer cells; however the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, we report that PDIA6 enhances the proliferation of HeLa cells through activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. Ectopic overexpression of PDIA6 in HeLa cells led to increased cell proliferation accompanied with accelerated cell cycle progression. Further mechanistic investigation demonstrated that overexpression of PDIA6 resulted in decreased phosphorylation of beta-catenin at Ser45 and Ser33/Ser37/Thr41, while increased beta-catenin nuclear accumulation, and upregulation of Wnt/ beta-catenin signaling target genes cyclinD1 and c-myc, which was abolished by ubiquitin-proteasome inhibitor MG132. These results demonstrated that PDIA6 overexpression promoted the proliferation of HeLa cells by suppressing the phosphorylation of beta-catenin, thereby inhibiting the degradation of beta-catenin through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.
Gao, H., Sun, B., Fu, H., Chi, X., Wang, F., Qi, X., … Shao, S. (2016). PDIA6 promotes the proliferation of HeLa cells through activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Oncotarget, 7(33). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.10795