Background Many centers choose endovascular intervention as their first-line treatment for crural occlusions in patients with critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4-6). However, unsuccessful interventions often result in major amputation. Therefore, pedal bypass surgery should be considered as an alternative first-line treatment. We reviewed the impact of a prior endovascular intervention on the outcome of our patients' pedal bypass procedures. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients who had undergone pedal bypass surgery in our department from February 2008 to October 2012. We performed 75 pedal bypass operations in 71 patients (male, 54; female, 17; median age, 72 years; range, 29-90 years). In 36 of those cases, patients had undergone a prior infrapopliteal endovascular intervention (PEI group). In 39 cases, patients underwent bypass surgery as first-line treatment because their prior angiography had resulted in either unsuccessful endovascular intervention, or intervention had been deemed 'not feasible' (BSF group). Only autologous vein grafts were used, and no retrograde intervention was done via the pedal arteries. Endpoints of the analysis were primary and secondary patency rates, mortality, and limb salvage at 1 year postoperatively. Results Overall primary patency at 1 year was 58.3%, and secondary patency was 61.3%. Limb salvage was 76.8% and survival was 80.4%. Graft occlusion within 30 days was 18.7%. Revision in those cases was futile and 78.6% of patients had to undergo major amputation. Primary patency at 1 year was 67.0% in PEI group vs 48.3% in BSF group (P =.409) and secondary patency was 73.5% vs 48.6% (P =.100). Prior endovascular intervention had no significant impact on either limb salvage (82.3% vs 71.6% at 1 year; P =.515) or graft occlusions within 30 days (19.4% vs 17.9%; P =.547). Survival rate at 1 year was 79.5% in PEI group and 81.3% in BSF group (P =.765). Risk factors and indications were similar in both groups. Conclusions Crural endovascular intervention does not seem to have a negative impact on the outcome of subsequent pedal bypass surgery. Requirements are avoiding a destruction of the target vessel and opting for timely bypass surgery whenever endovascular treatment does not achieve a sufficient perfusion for wounds to heal. Early graft occlusions are associated with a higher risk for major amputation. © 2014 by the Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Uhl, C., Hock, C., Betz, T., Töpel, I., & Steinbauer, M. (2014). Pedal bypass surgery after crural endovascular intervention. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 59(6), 1583–1587. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2013.11.071