Angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of peptides derived from the hydrolysis of sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar porcine proteins by the action of Lactobacillus sakei CRL1862 and Lactobacillus curvatus CRL705 (whole cells. +. cell free extracts) was investigated at 30°C for 36. h. The protein hydrolysates were subjected to RP-HPLC in order to fractionate the extracts for further evaluation of ACE inhibitory activity. Bioactive fractions were only found from the hydrolysis of sarcoplasmic proteins by both assayed lactobacilli strains. Identification of peptides contained in the bioactive fractions was carried out by tandem mass spectrometry using a nanoLC-ESI-QTOF instrument and the mascot search engine. From the four most active fractions obtained, a total of eighteen and fifty peptides were characterized from L. sakei CRL1862 and L. curvatus CRL705 protein hydrolysates, respectively. The sequence FISNHAY was generated by the proteolytic activity of the two lactobacilli species. Sequence similarity analyses between the peptides identified in this study and those previously identified as ACE inhibitory peptides and detailed in the BIOPEP database were outlined. Results suggest that meat-borne Lactobacillus were able to generate peptides with ACE inhibitory activity, highlighting their potential to be used in the development of functional fermented products. Biological significance: The results of this study would enable the obtention of porcine functional foods by applying lactic acid bacteria generating bioactive peptides. ACE inhibitory peptides obtained by the hydrolytic action of L. curvatus CRL705 and L. sakei CRL1862 on sarcoplasmic proteins were analyzed. Among them, the peptide FISNHAY exhibited the highest activity and its sequence has not yet been reported. © 2013 The Authors.
Castellano, P., Aristoy, M. C., Sentandreu, M. Á., Vignolo, G., & Toldrá, F. (2013). Peptides with angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity generated from porcine skeletal muscle proteins by the action of meat-borne Lactobacillus. Journal of Proteomics, 89, 183–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2013.06.023