Objective To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of single-session endovascular treatment with manual aspiration thrombectomy (MAT) as the first-line method of thrombus removal for iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) with secondary acute isolated iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods This was a prospective clinical study. Twenty-six patients (19 women, 7 men, mean age 54 years) with left-sided acute iliac-common femoral DVT secondary to IVCS were enrolled. All patients presented with leg swelling or pains. Endovascular treatment, consisting of MAT, balloon angioplasty, and stent placement, was performed in the same setting. Overnight antegrade thrombolysis was performed in patients with residual thrombus after MAT. Patients were followed up by ultrasonography. The mean follow-up period was 17.8 months (12-25 months). Results Single-session endovascular procedures were performed successfully in all patients. The mean procedure time was 67 minutes (ranging from 45 to 90 minutes). Complete thrombus removal, including almost 100% of removal in 24 patients and little residual thrombus (<5%) in two, was achieved after repeated MAT. Thrombolysis was used in these two patients. Complete symptomatic relief was achieved in 25 patients (96%) and partial relief in one. The hospital stay ranged from 2 to 4 days (mean 2.7 days). Recurrent thrombosis within the stent was observed in one case and recanalized with thrombolysis. The 1-year primary and secondary patency rate was 96% and 100%, respectively. No symptomatic pulmonary embolization, bleeding, and venous reflux were observed. Five patients complained about transitory low back pains during balloon angioplasty. Conclusion Single-session endovascular treatment with MAT as the first-line thrombus removal method is feasible, safe, and effective for IVCS with secondary acute isolated iliofemoral DVT. Although limited, our experience suggests that patients thought to be at high risk of bleeding may be candidates for the present single-session endovascular protocol. © 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Zhu, Q. H., Zhou, C. Y., Chen, Y., Wang, J., Mo, H. Y., Luo, M. H., … Yu, X. F. (2014). Percutaneous manual aspiration thrombectomy followed by stenting for iliac vein compression syndrome with secondary acute isolated iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis: A prospective study of single-session endovascular protocol. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 47(1), 68–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2013.09.030