Performance of Bridging Stent Grafts in Fenestrated and Branched Aortic Endografting

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Abstract

Objective/Background Bridging stent grafts (BSGs) are used to connect the target vessel with the main body during fenestrated or branched aortic endografting (f/bEVAR). No dedicated devices are available for BSG. The aims of this study were to assess the performance of BSGs. Methods Between January 2004 and May 2014 the data of patients treated with f/bEVAR were prospectively collected. Only patients treated after January 2010 were included. The main measurement outcome was any BSG related complications. A logistic regression analysis, including target vessel type, type of joint (fenestration or cuff), and type of BSG identified potential risk factors. Results One hundred and fifty consecutive patients underwent f/bEVAR, and 523 target vessels were involved. These included 104 celiac, 140 superior mesenteric, 275 renal, and four other arteries. The technical success rate was 99% (520/523 target vessels). Balloon expandable BSGs were mainly used (n = 494; 95%), and in 336 (65%) relining stents were combined. The primary reasons for technical failure were the dislocation of the main body (n = 1) and unsuccessful cannulation (n = 2). One was revascularized by means of the periscope technique. Four target vessel injuries were recorded and four renal arteries occluded peri-operatively. After a median follow up of 14 months (interquartile range 5.5-23.0), 13 (2%) BSGs occluded and 19 (4%) required re-interventions. Two SMA occlusions occurred, leading to death in both patients. The patency and freedom from re-intervention rates at 3 years amounted to 85% and 91%, respectively. Use of a branched main body was the only independent risk factor for re-intervention and for the composite event (hazard ratio [HR] 3.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3-9.9 [p = .02]; and HR 2.8, 95% CI 1.2-7.0 [p < .01], respectively). Of note, the use of relining stents seemed not to prevent BSG related complications. Conclusion The currently used BSGs had low occlusion and re-intervention rates. Modifications of the branched design or dedicated BSG devices may improve outcome, especially after bEVAR.

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Panuccio, G., Bisdas, T., Berekoven, B., Torsello, G., & Austermann, M. (2015). Performance of Bridging Stent Grafts in Fenestrated and Branched Aortic Endografting. In European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Vol. 50, pp. 60–70). W.B. Saunders Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2015.03.023

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