Peroxisome proliferators as inducers and substrates of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases

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Peroxisome proliferators, despite their chemically unrelated structures, share the common property of being able to stimulate the glucuronidation of bilirubin in rodents and, probably, also in man. The aryloxycarboxylic acids (clofibric acid, fenofibrate, bezafibrate, ciprofibrate), tiadenol and probucol, all of which have hypolipidemic properties, as well as the fatty acid-like perfluorodecanoic acid all enhanced the expression of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) form involved in the conjugation of the pigment. This induction is manifested by an increase in the mRNA species encoding the protein with a subsequent increase in the neosynthesis of the corresponding protein in the endoplasmic reticulum. The induction process is concomitant with that of cytochrome P-450-IVA1 and cytosolic epoxide hydrolase, which, like bilirubin UGT, are mainly involved in the metabolism of endogenous substrates. With a series of carboxylic acids related to clofibric acid, it was possible to demonstrate that induction was mediated via specific interactions based on the physicochemical properties of the inducers. Until now, the molecular basis of induction of bilirubin UGT is not known. The peroxisome proliferators that possess a carboxyl group are good substrates of UGT, especially in man. The acylglucuronides formed are known for their instability and reactivity which could contribute to the toxicity encountered in some patients treated with the drugs. There is convincing evidence that UGT bilirubin does not catalyze the glucuronidation of these substances even if the two types of substrate form acylglucuronides. © 1993 Éditions Scientifiques Elsevier, Paris.




Magdalou, J., Fournel-Gigleux, S., Pritchard, M., & Siest, G. (1993). Peroxisome proliferators as inducers and substrates of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases. Biology of the Cell, 77(C), 13–16.

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