Cesarean section in buffaloes is an emergency operative procedure being performed prinicipally for uncorrectable uterine torsions and for delivery of fetal monsters. Left paramedian (lateral and parallel to the milk vein) and oblique ventrolateral (above arcus cruralis) are the two common operative sites used for buffalo caesarean section. Although many anesthetic combinations including intravenous and inhalation anesthetic procedures have been experimented in the buffalo species yet most caesarean sections in buffaloes are satisfactorily performed in right lateral recumbency under mild sedation and local infiltration analgesia or paravertebral nerve blocks. The history, indications, anesthesia, operative procedures, post operative complications and future fertility following caesarean section in buffalo are described.
Purohit, G. N., Gaur, M., Kumar, A., Shekher, C., & Ruhil, S. (2013). Perspectives of cesarean section in buffaloes. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 2(3), 229–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2305-0500(13)60153-0