Integrated pest management (IPM) programmes require joint interdisciplinary scientific efforts to assemble sound information about: (1) the ecological basis of the pest problem; (2) factors in the agroecosystem that can be manipulated to make the crop environment unfavourable for pests; (3) pest and natural enemy population trends to determine if and when pesticide treatments are necessary; and (4) the benefits and risks of the IPM strategy for agriculture and society. The IPM technology is complex and this is partly why implementation of IPM has been slow. Projections are that if IPM is adopted by agriculture, pesticide use could be reduced by 35-50% from present use levels. Concurrently there would be a reduction in environmental and social problems caused by pesticides. © 1982.
Pimentel, D. (1982). Perspectives of integrated pest management. Crop Protection, 1(1), 5–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(82)90054-0