BACKGROUND: Historically, bacteriophages infecting their hosts have perhaps been best known and even notorious for being a nuisance in dairy-fermentation processes. However, with the rapid progress in molecular microbiology and microbial ecology, a new dawn has risen for phages. This review will provide an overview on possible uses and applications of Listeria phages, including phage-typing, reporter phage for bacterial diagnostics, and use of phage as biocontrol agents for food safety. The use of phage-encoded enzymes such as endolysins for the detection and as antimicrobial agent will also be addressed. Desirable properties of candidate phages for biocontrol will be discussed. While emphasizing the enormous future potential for applications, we will also consider some of the intrinsic limitations dictated by both phage and bacterial ecology.
Loessner, M. J., & Hagens, S. (2014). Phages of Listeria offer novel tools for diagnostics and biocontrol . Frontiers in Microbiology . Retrieved from http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/Abstract.aspx?s=1161&name=virology&ART_DOI=10.3389/fmicb.2014.00159