Phospholipase C from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus; characterization of catalytic activity

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Abstract

Objective: To study characteristics of phospholipases C (PLCs), their importance for producing microorganisms as well as the potential of their use for industrial purposes. Method: PLC from Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) D101 was selected as an example of Gram-positive PLCs and PLC from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) D183 of Gram-negative ones. Enzymes were partially purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by membrane dialysis. Partially purified preparations were used to study effect of different factors on activities as well as in substrate specificity tests which were conducted using a turbidimetric assay method. Results: Maximum activity was at pH 7 and 8 and 40 °C for P. aeruginosa PLC, and pH 8-10 and 37 °C for B. cereus PLC. Both PLCs were inhibited by Pi at 5 mM or higher, whereas, PLC from B. cereus only was inhibited by EDTA. Activity of P. aeruginosa PLC was not affected by removing Zn2+ions from reaction mixture or their replacement with Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+or Mn2+ions. Vis-à-vis, activity of B. cereus PLC was found to be metal ion dependent. PLCs from both isolates were relatively thermostable and showed maximum affinity toward phosphatidylcholine. Sphingomyelin and phosphatidylethanolamine were not good substrates and phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin could be considered non-substrates. Conclusion: Human body physiological conditions could favor activity of P. aeruginosa and B. cereus PLCs. These enzymes may participate in phosphate scavenging and virulence of producing isolates but not in autolysis. PLCs from both isolates are potential candidates for industrial use.

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Hassouna, N. A. H. (2014). Phospholipase C from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus; characterization of catalytic activity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 7(11), 860–866. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60150-4

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