A general mechanism for the physiological regulation of the activity of voltage-dependent Na+, Ca++, K+, and Cl channels by neurotransmitters in a variety of excitable cell types may involve a final common pathway of a cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of the channel protein. The functional correlates of channel phosphorylation are known to involve a change in the probability of opening, and a negative or positive shift in the voltage dependence for activation of the conductance. The voltage dependence for activation appears to be governed by the properties of the charge movement of the voltage-sensing moiety of the channel. This study of the gating charge movement of cardiac Ca++ channels has revealed that isoproterenol or cAMP (via a presumed phosphorylation of the channel) speeds the kinetics of the Ca++ channel gating charge movement. These results suggest that the changes in the kinetics and voltage dependence of the cardiac calcium currents produced by beta-adrenergic stimulation are initiated, in part, by parallel changes in the gating charge movement. © 1991, The Biophysical Society. All rights reserved.
Josephson, I. R., & Sperelakis, N. (1991). Phosphorylation shifts the time-dependence of cardiac Ca++ channel gating currents. Biophysical Journal, 60(2), 491–497. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(91)82075-6