Photopic negative response of full-field electroretinography in patients with different stages of glaucomatous optic neuropathy

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate photopic negative response (PhNR) discrimination ability between healthy and glaucomatous patients. Methods Ninety eyes of 50 patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and 45 eyes of 23 healthy age-and sex-matched controls were investigated. Based on European Glaucoma Society criteria, POAG patients were divided into three groups: early, moderate and advanced glaucoma. Following measurements were analysed: mean defect (MD) from Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer, SITA standard 24-2 white on white perimetry; nerve fibre index (NFI) obtained from scanning laser polarimetry; and GDx and PhNR amplitude and PhNR/b-wave ratio. PhNR was elicited by red stimuli with flash strength of 1.6 cd s/m 2 on blue background of 25 cd/m 2. Correlations between retinal ganglion cells function (PhNR), retinal sensitivity (MD) and structure (NFI) were calculated. Sensitivity and specificity of PhNR parameters were calculated with standard formulas. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine optimal cutoff values. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to compare the ROC curves results between PhNR amplitude and ratio. Results PhNR amplitude and ratio were significantly reduced in early, moderate and advanced glaucoma groups compared to controls. The sensitivity and specificity to detect glaucoma in early POAG were equal to 53.3 and 90.0 % for PhNR amplitude and 60.0 and 70.0 % for PhNR ratio; in moderate POAG 63.3 and 80.0 % for PhNR amplitude and 60.0 and 86.7 % for PhNR ratio; and in advanced POAG 76.6 and 80.0 % for PhNR amplitude, 90.0 and 73.3 % for PhNR ratio. There were no significant differences between AUC for PhNR amplitude (0.76-0.86) and PhNR ratio (0.78-0.86), p [ 0.05. PhNR amplitudes and ratios correlated significantly with MD measured by SAP and NFI obtained from GDx (p \ 0.05). PhNR amplitude significantly decreases with advancement of visual field defects in glaucoma patients. Conclusions PhNR reveals dysfunction of RGCs in early, moderate and advanced stage of POAG. PhNR has good discrimination ability in detecting glauco-matous patients. PhNR might be a useful test in glaucoma diagnosis.

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Kirkiewicz, M., Lubiński, W., & Penkala, K. (2016). Photopic negative response of full-field electroretinography in patients with different stages of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 132(1), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10633-016-9528-z

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