Disaster has a negative impact on health conditions, especially on those of temporary housing residents. Health status has a close relationship with physical activity and performance. However, few reports have assessed physical performance among residents living in temporary housing. In this study, we compared physical capabilities between the elderly who evacuated to temporary housing and those who stayed in their own homes after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Subjects were recruited from those over 65 years of age who participated in the medical check-ups for temporary housing residents (TH group) or check-ups for residents of downtown areas (control group) in Soma City, Fukushima, in 2012. The subjects underwent grip strength, one-leg standing (OLS), and timed up and go tests (TUG).In total, 1890 participants were recruited. The TH group showed significantly stronger grip strength than that of the control group. On the other hand, the TH group showed weaker standing stability, according to decreased OLS and increased TUG scores. We revealed that standing stability was impaired among elderly temporary housing residents 1.5. years after the disaster. Disaster responders should take into account the health risks associated with living in temporary housing.
Ishii, T., Ochi, S., Tsubokura, M., Kato, S., Tetsuda, T., Kato, J., … Tachiya, H. (2015). Physical performance deterioration of temporary housing residents after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 916–919. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.10.009