Corporal punishment (CP) is probably the most controversial issue in the literature on parental discipline. Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze if the relation between CP and behavior problems is moderated by a positive parenting context in which CP may be used and by the co-occurrence of psychological aggression. Method: The sample used in this analysis was composed of 1071 Spanish university students (74.8% female; 25.2% male). Results: Findings indicate a high prevalence of CP of Spanish students, revealing that significantly more mothers than fathers used CP. Furthermore, more CP is related to more use of psychological aggression and less of positive parenting. Regression analyses revealed that CP was associated with an increased probability of ATB regardless of whether there was positive parenting and psychological aggression. Conclusions: These results highlight that, though many Spanish parents use CP as a disciplinary strategy, it does appear to be related to negative outcomes for children regardless the parental context in which it is used. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gámez-Guadix, M., Carrobles, J. A., Almendros, C., & Fernández-Alcaraz, C. (2010). Physical punishment and long term consequences: The moderating role of parental context. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 5, pp. 2093–2097). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.419