Phytochemical Analysis, in Vitro Antioxidant Potential and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Studies of Dicranopteris Linearis

  • Panneerselvam A
  • Jeyathilakan N
  • Valsala Rajesh N
  • et al.
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Abstract

<p>ABSTRACT<br />Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze qualitative and quantitative phytochemicals, evaluate in vitro antioxidant properties and determine the<br />bioactive compounds in extracts of Dicranopteris linearis (Burm.f.) Underw. collected from Western Ghats of Kanyakumari district.<br />Methods: The qualitative, quantitative phytochemical, and in vitro antioxidant analysis were performed using standard procedures. The bioactive<br />compounds were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) instrument.<br />Results: The qualitative phytochemical analysis studied in aqueous, acetone, chloroform, ethanol, and petroleum ether solvent extract showed acetone<br />had strong positivity to express the 12 phytoconstituents studied except anthocyanin when compared to other solvent extracts. The quantitative<br />phytochemistry revealed considerable amount of terpenoids (97.0±1.15 mg/g), tannins (30.8±0.44 mg tannic acid equivalents/gram), phenols<br />(28.6±0.33 mg gallic acid equivalents/gram), and flavonoids (8.50±0.29 mg quercetin equivalent/g) in decreasing order of concentrations. The in<br />vitro antioxidant activity of aqueous, ethanol, acetone, chloroform, and petroleum ether suggested that the extract of DL has prominent antioxidant<br />prospective against various free radicals such as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl while butylated hydroxy toluene being the standard antioxidant used.<br />The GC-MS analysis displayed the presence of 11 bioactive compounds each belonging to various categories of phytochemicals such as terpenoids,<br />flavonoids, phenols, and fatty acid derivatives.<br />Conclusion: The results indicate that D. linearis (Burm.f.) Underw. present in the Western Ghats of Kanyakumari is an effective scavenger of free<br />radicals and has the potential to be used as a natural antioxidant which is attributed to the rich presence of secondary metabolites.<br />Keywords: Dicranopteris linearis (Burm.f.) Underw., Phytochemistry, Antioxidant activity, Gas chromatography-mass Spectrometry.</p>

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APA

Panneerselvam, A., Jeyathilakan, N., Valsala Rajesh, N., Vasantha, S., & Rajesh, K. D. (2016). Phytochemical Analysis, in Vitro Antioxidant Potential and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Studies of Dicranopteris Linearis. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, (June), 220. https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2016.v9s2.13636

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