Nuclear waste cleanup is challenged by the handling of feed stocks that are both unknown and complex. Plasma filtering, operating on dissociated elements, offers advantages over chemical methods in processing such wastes. The costs incurred by plasma mass filtering for nuclear waste pretreatment, before ultimate disposal, are similar to those for chemical pretreatment. However, significant savings might be achieved in minimizing the waste mass. This advantage may be realized over a large range of chemical waste compositions, thereby addressing the heterogeneity of legacy nuclear waste.
Gueroult, R., Hobbs, D. T., & Fisch, N. J. (2015). Plasma filtering techniques for nuclear waste remediation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 297, 153–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.04.058