The plasma membrane NADH oxidase of HeLa cells has hydroquinone oxidase activity

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Abstract

The plasma membrane NADH oxidase activity partially purified from the surface of HeLa cells exhibited hydroquinone oxidase activity. The preparations completely lacked NADH:ubiquinone reductase activity. However, in the absence of NADH, reduced coenzyme Q10 (Q10H2=ubiquinol) was oxidized at a rate of 15±6 nmol min-1 mg protein-1 depending on degree of purification. The apparent K(m) for Q10H2 oxidation was 33 μM. Activities were inhibited competitively by the cancer cell-specific NADH oxidase inhibitors, capsaicin and the antitumor sulfonylurea N-(4-methylphenylsulfonyl)-N'-(4-chlorophenyl)urea (LY181984). With coenzyme Q0, where the preparations were unable to carry out either NADH:quinone reduction or reduced quinone oxidation, quinol oxidation was observed with an equal mixture of the Q0 and Q0H2 forms. With the mixture, a rate of Q0H2 oxidation of 8-17 nmol min-1 mg protein-1 was observed with an apparent K(m) of 0.22 mM. The rate of Q10H2 oxidation was not stimulated by addition of equal amounts of Q10 and Q10H2. However, addition of Q0 to the Q10H2 did stimulate. The oxidation of Q10H2 proceeded with what appeared to be a two-electron transfer. The oxidation of Q0H2 may involve Q0, but the mechanism was not clear. The findings suggest the potential participation of the plasma membrane NADH oxidase as a terminal oxidase of plasma membrane electron transport from cytosolic NAD(P)H via naturally occurring hydroquinones to acceptors at the cell surface. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Kishi, T., Morré, D. M., & Morré, D. J. (1999). The plasma membrane NADH oxidase of HeLa cells has hydroquinone oxidase activity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1412(1), 66–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-2728(99)00049-3

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