Plasmacytoma of the skull-base is a rare entity. Differential diagnosis includes chordoma, osteosarcoma, carcinoma nasopharynx, meningioma, metastatic carcinoma, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Accurate and precise diagnosis is extremely important for plasmacytoma of the skull-base as its treatment and prognosis is different from other skull-base lesions. A 41-year-old man presented with concerns of headache, diplopia, and left eye strabismus. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of his brain showed a large expansile mass measuring 51 mm involving the clivus and central skull-base. Trans-sphenoidal tumor decompression was done. A biopsy confirmed the plasmacytoma. A positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan showed a single 2-(18F) fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) avid lesion at the skull-base. The results of all other relevant investigations such as hemoglobin, renal function test, serum calcium, serum protein immunoelectrophoresis, serum quantitative immunoglobulin, bone marrow biopsy, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and beta-2 microglobulin levels were within normal limits. He was treated with radical radiotherapy. He developed complete clinical response after radiotherapy.
Siyag, A., Soni, T. P., Gupta, A. K., Sharma, L. M., Jakhotia, N., & Sharma, S. (2018). Plasmacytoma of the Skull-base: A Rare Tumor. Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2073