POEMS syndrome-related pulmonary hypertension is steroid-responsive

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Abstract

Background: The POEMS (Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal immunoglobulin, Skin changes) syndrome is a rare disease that entails a specific risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension. Methods and results: We report on 2 patients who suffered from POEMS syndrome and pulmonary arterial hypertension for whom a detailed hemodynamic pulmonary study was obtained before and after steroid treatment. Patient 1 had defined post-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) ascribed to an abnormally high cardiac output. Patient 2 suffered from severe pre-capillary PH. Under high-dose steroids treatment, clinical symptoms disappeared and PH assessment by sequential hemodynamic study showed a clear-cut improvement in both patients. Conclusion: First-line therapy should include corticosteroids in POEMS syndrome-related PH. © 2006.

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Jouve, P., Humbert, M., Chauveheid, M. P., Jaïs, X., & Papo, T. (2007). POEMS syndrome-related pulmonary hypertension is steroid-responsive. Respiratory Medicine, 101(2), 353–355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2006.04.026

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