Space-filling layout techniques for tree representations are frequently used when the available screen space is small or the data set is large. In this paper, we propose an efficient approach to space-filling tree representations that uses mechanisms from the point-based rendering paradigm. We present helpful interaction techniques and visual cues that tie in with our layout. Additionally, we relate this new layout approach to common layout mechanisms and evaluate the new layout along the lines of a numerical evaluation using the measures of the Ink-Paper Ratio and overplotted%, and in a preliminary user study. The flexibility of the general approach is illustrated by several enhancements of the basic layout, as well as its usage within the context of two software frameworks from different application fields. © 2011 IEEE.
Schulz, H. J., Hadlak, S., & Schumann, H. (2011). Point-based visualization for large hierarchies. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 17(5), 598–611. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2010.89