The development of the forward osmosis (FO) process has been constrained by the slow development of appropriate draw solutions. Two significant concerns related to draw solutions are the draw solute leakage and intensive-energy requirement in recycling draw solutes after the FO process. FO would be much attractive if there is no draw solute leakage and the recycle of draw solutes is easy and economic. 1877-7058 © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Ge, Q. C., Ling, M. M., Amy, G., & Chung, T. S. (2012). Polyelectrolytes-promoted forward osmosis processes. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 44, pp. 256–257). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.378