Poly(l,l-lactide-co-glycolide)/tricalcium phosphate composite scaffold and its various changes during degradation in vitro

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Abstract

A poly(l,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (70/30)/(tricalcium phosphate) (PLGA/TCP) composite scaffold was fabricated by low-temperature deposition (LDM) and its degradation performed in vitro for 22 weeks. Various changes during degradation in vitro, which included changes in acidity of the degradation medium, morphology, weight, composition, molecular weight of the PLGA component and mechanical properties of the scaffold, were investigated. It was found that the acidity of degradation medium of the PLGA(70/30)/TCP composite scaffolds reduced and became much lower than that of TCP-free scaffold. With degradation, the volume and porosity of the PLGA(70/30)/TCP composite scaffold reduced at first then increased slowly, while the surface morphology of the scaffold changed from smooth to rough. The weight loss of the scaffold increased by dissolution of the degraded products and TCP component, but mainly by dissolution of the glycyl-rich degraded products of the PLGA component. The molecular weight of the PLGA component reduced with time, but the molecular weight distribution increased at first and then reduced. The compressive strength and modulus of the scaffold increased at first and then reduced with further degradation. The effect of degradation on modulus was much bigger than that on compressive strength. Based on excellent cell affinity of the PLGA(70/30)/TCP composite scaffold, a potentially useful bone tissue engineering scaffold is proposed. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Yang, F., Cui, W., Xiong, Z., Liu, L., Bei, J., & Wang, S. (2006). Poly(l,l-lactide-co-glycolide)/tricalcium phosphate composite scaffold and its various changes during degradation in vitro. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 91(12), 3065–3073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.08.008

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