Tobramycin inhalation solution given as a twice daily inhalation of nebulized aerosols of 300 mg is approved for the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis patients over 6 years of age. To investigate tobramycin pharmacokinetics (PK) after inhalation of tobramycin in pediatric cystic fibrosis patients below 7 years, a population PK approach was used to evaluate tobramycin PK data in patients 6 months to 44 years of age from 4 clinical studies. The final model used a 2-compartmental, first-order absorption model with effect of body mass index on the apparent central volume of distribution. Relative bioavailability in patients between 6 months and 7 years increased with age by a linear relationship, and was modeled as a ratio to that of patients over 7 years. Simulation showed that steady-state concentrations of tobramycin are lower in pediatric patients 6 months to 6 years than those in patients over 6 years. However, systemic exposure is not predictive of clinical efficacy due to direct dosing at the infection site. P aeruginosa eradication rate and safety profile in patients less than 7 years of age were similar to patients older than 6 years; therefore, no dose adjustment is warranted in the younger pediatric patients.
Wang, X., Koehne-Voss, S., Anumolu, S. N. S., & Yu, J. (2017). Population Pharmacokinetics of Tobramycin Inhalation Solution in Pediatric Patients With Cystic Fibrosis. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 106(11), 3402–3409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2017.06.010